This work, “Kwame Nkrumah and Nkrumaism: The Essential Elements of the Ideology for All African People, Those at Home and Those Abroad”, examines the ideology for African people. An ideology organizes a people, unifies them, and guides them toward collective action in the common pursuit of an objective. The only objective that ensures the complete and permanent liberation of all African people, those at home and those abroad, is Pan-Africanism: a unified, socialist Africa controlled by African people. Nkrumaism is the ideology, the blueprint, that will guide African people and their descendants toward that objective. Nkrumaism takes its name from Osagyefo Dr. Kwame Nkrumah, not because of any hero worship and not because he was the first to articulate a theory of liberation for African people, but because he “synthesized and advanced” the African liberation theory espoused by his Pan-African predecessors. Most importantly, he dedicated himself to ensure that this ideology was put into practice and thus became, unlike anyone before or since him, the foremost practitioner of the ideology for the African Revolution. Based on the history, culture and current reality of African people worldwide, Nkrumaism is “like a light on a dark night showing the way to follow.” This work explores seven essential elements of Nkrumaism: identity, enemy, objective, philosophy, ideology, strategy and tactics. With our understanding of these elements, African people will forge the necessary ideological unity among a majority of our people at home and abroad in order to guarantee the successful building of Pan-Africanism. A Union of African Socialist States (UASS) is not only possible; it’s on the horizon! Forward ever, Backward never!